How does the Foot & Ankle joint work?
Arthroscopy is a surgical procedure during which the internal structure of a joint is examined for diagnosis and treatment of problems inside the joint. Ankle arthroscopy includes the diagnosis and treatment of ankle conditions.
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Ankle injuries are the most common sports-related injury. An ankle fracture is a break in one or more bones that make up the ankle joint. Sometimes, ligaments may also be damaged.
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A bunion is a foot deformity that changes the shape of the foot causing the big toe to turn inward towards the second toe, leading to pain and inflammation. A bunion is caused by incorrect footwear, joint damage, arthritis, and genetic disposition.
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The Achilles tendon is a strong, fibrous cord present behind the ankle that connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. It is used when you walk, run, and jump. When the Achilles tendon becomes thin, weak, or if it is not used, it may be susceptible to injury or damage.
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An ankle sprain is characterized either by stretching or tearing of the ligaments which connect adjacent bones in the ankle joint and provide stability to the ankle joint. An ankle sprain is a common injury and occurs when you fall or suddenly twist your ankle or when you land on your foot in an awkward position after a jump.
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Toes are the digits in your foot and are associated with walking, providing balance, weight-bearing, and other activities. A variety of toe deformities occur in the feet.
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Plantar fasciitis is a common problem that causes pain under the heel bone often with lengthy walking and prolonged standing. It is most often seen in middle-aged men and women. The plantar fascia is a thick band of tissue that lies at the bottom of the foot. It runs from the heel bone to the toes and forms the arch of the foot. The plantar fascia functions as a shock absorber and also supports the arch of the foot.
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Click on the topics below to find out more from the Orthopaedic connection website of American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons: